1. Mbizah, M.M., Farine, D.R., Valeix, M., Hunt, J.E., Macdonald, D.W., Loveridge, A.J. (2020) Effect of ecological factors on fine-scale patterns of social structure in African lions. Journal of Animal Ecology

  2. Ferreira, A.C., Silva, L.R., Renna, F., Brandl, H.B., Renoult, J.P., Farine, D.R., Covas, R., Doutrelant, C. (2020) Deep learning-based methods for individual recognition in small birds. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.

  3. Ferreira, A.C., Covas, R., Silva, L.R., Esteves, S.C., Duarte, I.F., Fortuna, R., Theron, F., Doutrelant, C., Farine, D.R. (2020) How to make methodological decisions when inferring social networks. Ecology & Evolution.

  4. Bond, M.L., König, B., Lee, D.E., Ozgul, A., Farine, D.R. (in press) Proximity to humans affects local social structure in a giraffe metapopulation. Journal of Animal Ecology.

  5. Hilleman, F., Cole, E.F., Sheldon, B.C., Farine, D.R. (2020) Information use in foraging flocks of songbirds – no evidence for social transmission of patch qualityAnimal Behaviour 165: 35-41.

  6. Kurvers, R.H.J.M, Prox, L., Farine, D.R., Jongeling, C., Snijders, L. (2020) Season-specific carry-over of early-life associations in a monogamous bird speciesAnimal Behaviour 164: 25-37.

  7. Farine, D.R. (in press) Mapping illegal wildlife trade networks provides new opportunities for conservation actionsAnimal Conservation.

  8. Beck, K.B., Farine, D.R., Kempenaers, B. (2020) Winter associations predict social and extra-pair mating patterns in a wild songbirdProceedings of the Royal Society B 287: 20192606.

  9. Carter, G.G., Farine, D.R., Crisp, R.J., Vrtilek, J.K., Ripperger, S.P., Page, R.A. (in press) Development of new food-sharing relationships in vampire bats. Current Biology.

  10. Goodale, E., Sridhar, H., Sieving, K.E.; Bangal, P., Colorado G.Z., Farine, D.R., Heymann, E.W., Jones, H.H., Krams, I., Martínez, A.E., Montaño-Centellas, F., Muñoz, J., Srinivasan, U., Theo, A., Shanker, K. (in press) Mixed company: A framework for understanding the composition and organization of mixed-species animal groups. Biological Reviews.

  11. Prox, L.-M., Farine, D.R. (in press) A framework for conceptualizing dimensions of social organization in mammals. Ecology & Evolution 10: 791-807.

  12. Farine, D.R. (in press) Structural trade-offs can predict rewiring in shrinking social networks. Journal of Animal Ecology.

  13. Armansin, N.C., Stow, A.J., Cantor, M., Leu, S.T., Klarevas-Irby, J.A., Chariton, A.A., Farine, D.R. (in press) Social barriers in ecological landscapes: the social resistance hypothesis. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 35(2): 137-148.

  14. Montiglio, P.-O., Gotanda, K., Kratochwil, C., Laskowski, K., Farine, D.R. (2020) Hierarchically-embedded interaction networks in the study of behavioural and community ecology. Behavioural Ecology 31(2):  279–286.

  15. Brandl, H.B., Griffith, S.C., Farine, D.R., Schuett, W. (in press) Wild zebra finches that nest synchronously have long-term stable social ties. Journal of Animal Ecology (coming soon)

  16. Maldonado-Chaparro, A.A., Farine, D.R. (2020) Demographic processes in animal networks are a question of time: a comment on Daizaburo & Johnson. Behavioural Ecology 31(1): 12-13.

  17. 2019

  18. Papageorgiou, D., Christensen, C., Gall, G.E.C., Klarevas-Irby, J., Nyaguthii, B., Couzin, I.D., Farine, D.R. (2019) The multilevel society of a small-brained bird. Current Biology 29(24): R1120-R1121.

    Read coverage by CNN, NY Times, IFL Science, Audubon Magazine, Smithsonian Mag, Cosmos Magazine.

  19. Farine, D.R., Aplin, L.M. (2019) Spurious inference when comparing networks. PNAS 116(34): 16674-16675.

  20. McCarthy, M.S., Després-Einspenner, M.-L., Farine, D.R., Samuni, L., Angedakina, S., Arandjelovica, M., Boesch, C., Dieguez, P., Havercamp, K., Knight, A., Langergraber, K.E.,  Murai, M., Wittig, R.M., Kühl, H.S. (in press) Camera traps provide a robust alternative to direct observations for constructing social networks of wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour

  21. Brandl, H.B., Farine, D.R., Funghi, C., Schuett, W., Griffith, S.C. (2019) Early-life social environment predicts social network position in wild zebra finches. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286: 20182579.

  22. Hillemann, F., Cole, E.F., Keen, S.C., Sheldon, B.C., Farine, D.R. (2019) Diurnal variation in the production of vocal information about food supports a model of social adjustment in wild songbirds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286: 20182740.

  23. Carter, G.G., Schino, G., Farine, D.R. (2019) Challenges in assessing the roles of nepotism and reciprocity in cooperation networksAnimal Behaviour 150: 255-271.

  24. Wilkinson, G.S., Carter, G.G., Bohn, K.M., Baspers, B., Chaverri, G., Farine, D.R., Günther, L., Kerth, G., Knörnschild, M., Mayer, F., Nagy, M., Ortega, J., Patriquin, K. (2019) Kinship, association and social complexity in batsBehavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 73: 7.

  25. Lang, S.D.J., Mann, R.P., Farine, D.R. (2019) Temporal activity patterns of predators and prey across broad geographic scales. Behavioural Ecology 30(1): 172–180.

  26. He, P., Maldonado-Chaparro, A.A., Farine, D.R. (2019) The role of habitat configuration in shaping social structure: a gap in studies of animal social complexityBehavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 73: 9.


  27. 2018

  28. Somveille, M., Firth, J.A., Aplin, L.M., Farine, D.R., Sheldon, B.C., Thompson, R.N. (2018) Movement and conformity interact to establish local behavioural traditions in animal populations. PLoS Computational Biology 14(12): e1006647.

  29. Maldonado-Chaparro, A.A., Alarcón-Nieto, G., Klarevas-Irby, J.A., Farine, D.R. (2018) Experimental disturbances reveal group-level costs of social instability. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285: 20181577.

  30. Smaldino, P.E., Aplin, L.M., Farine, D.R. (2018) Sigmoidal Acquisition Curves Are Good Indicators of Conformist Transmission. Scientific Reports 8: 14015.

  31. Boogert, N.J., Lachlan, R.F., Spencer, K.A., Templeton, C.N., Farine, D.R. (2018) Stress hormones, social associations and song learning in zebra finches. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 373: 20170290.

  32. Davis, G.H., Crofoot, M.C., Farine, D.R. (2018) Estimating the robustness and uncertainty of animal social networks using different observational methodsAnimal Behaviour 141: 29-44.

  33. Cantor, M., Farine, D.R. (2018) Simple foraging rules in competitive environments can generate socially-structured populations. Ecology and Evolution 8(10): 4978-4991.

  34. Marthy, W., Farine, D.R. (2018) The potential impacts of the songbird trade on mixed-species flocking. Biological Conservation 222: 222-231.

  35. Alarcón-Nieto, G., Graving, J.M., Klarevas-Irby, J.A., Maldonado-Chaparro, A.A., Mueller, I., Farine, D.R. (2018) An automated barcode tracking system for behavioural studies in birds. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9(6): 1536-1547.

  36. Moyers, S.C., Adelman, J.S., Farine, D.R., Moore, I.T., Hawley, D.M. (2018) Exploratory behavior is linked to stress physiology and social network centrality in free-living house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus). Hormones and Behaviour 102: 105-113.

  37. Maldonado-Chaparro, A.A., Montiglio, P.-O., Forstmeier, W., Kempenaers, B., Farine, D.R. (2018) Linking the fine-scale social environment to mating decisions: a future direction for the study of extra-pair paternity. Biological Reviews 93(3): 1558-1577.

  38. Moyers, S.C., Adelman, J.S., Farine, D.R., Thomason, C.A., Hawley, D.M. (2018) Feeder density enhances house finch disease transmission in experimental epidemics. Philosphical Transactions of the Royal Society B 373: 20170090.

  39. Sánchez-Tójar, A. Schroeder, J., Farine, D.R. (2018) A practical guide for inferring reliable dominance hierarchies and estimating their uncertaintyJournal of Animal Ecology 87(3): 594-608.

  40. Farine, D.R. (2018) When to choose dynamic vs. static social network analysisJournal of Animal Ecology  87(1): 128-138.

  41. Montiglio, P.O., McGlothlin, J.W., Farine, D.R. (2018) Social structure modulates the evolutionary consequences of social plasticity: taking a social network perspective of interacting phenotypesEcology and Evolution  8(3): 1451–1464.

  42. Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Papageorgiou, D., Crofoot, M.C., Farine, D.R. (2018) Inferring influence and leadership in moving animal groupsPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 373: 20170006.

  43. Hoppitt, W., Farine, D.R. (2018) Association indices for quantifying social relationships: how to deal with missing observations of individuals or groupsAnimal Behaviour 136: 227-238.

  44. 2017

  45. McDonald, G.C., Farine, D.R., Foster, K.R., Biernaskie, J.M. (2017) Assortment and the analysis of natural selection on social traitsEvolution 71(11): 2693-2702.

  46. Lang, S.D.J.Farine, D.R. A multidimensional framework for studying social predation strategiesNature Ecology & Evolution 1: 1230-1239.

  47. Radersma, R., Garroway, C.J., Santure, A., de Cauwer, I., Farine, D.R., Slate, J., Sheldon, B.C. (2017) Social and spatial effects on genetic variation between foraging flocks in a wild bird populationMolecular Ecology 26(20): 5807–5819.

  48. Isbell, L.A., Bidner, L.R., Crofoot, M.C., Matsumoto-Oda, A., Farine, D.R. (2017) GPS-identified, low-level nocturnal activity of vervets (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) and olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Laikipia, KenyaAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology 164(1): 203-211.

  49. Carter, G.G., Farine, D.R., Wilkinson, G.S. (2017) Social bet-hedging in vampire batsBiology Letters 13: 20170112.

  50. Farine, D.R., Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Couzin, I.D., Berger-Wolf, T.Y. and Crofoot, M.C. (2017) Individual variation in local interaction rules can explain emergent patterns of spatial organisation in wild baboonsProceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 284, 20162243.
  51. Johnson, K.V.-A, Aplin, L.M., Cole, E.F., Farine, D.R., Firth, J.A., Patrick, S.C., Sheldon, B.C. (2017) Male great tits assort by personality during the breeding seasonAnimal Behaviour 128: 21-32.

  52. Farine, D.R. (2017) A guide to null models for animal social network analysisMethods in Ecology and Evolution 8(10): 1309-1320.

  53. Farine, D.R. (2017) The dynamics of transmission and the dynamics of networksJournal of Animal Ecology 86(3): 415-418.

  54. Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Farine, D.R., Crofoot, M. C. & Couzin, I.D. (2017) Habitat and social factors shape individual decisions and emergent group structure during baboon collective movement, eLife 6:e19505. OPEN ACCESS


  55. Francesiaz, C, Farine, DR, Laforge, C, Béchet, A, Sadoul, N, Besnard, A (2017) Familiarity drives social philopatry in an obligate colonial breeder with weak interannual breeding-site fidelityAnimal Behaviour 124: 83-94.

  56. Miller, ET, Farine, DR, Trisos, CH (2017) Phylogenetic community structure metrics and null models: a review with new methods and softwareEcography 40(4): 461–477.

  57. 2016

  58. Farine, DR, Strandburg-Peshkin, A, Berger-Wolf, T, Ziebart, B, Brugere, I, Li, J, Crofoot, MC (2016) Both Nearest Neighbours and Long-term Affiliates Predict Individual Locations During Collective Movement in Wild BaboonsScientific Reports 6: 27704.

  59. Firth, JA, Sheldon, BC, Farine, DR (2016) Pathways of information transmission amongst wild songbirds follow experimentally imposed changes in social foraging structureBiology Letters 12: 20160144.

  60. Crates, RA, Firth, JA, Farine, DR, Garroway, CJ, Kidd, LR, Aplin, LM, Radersma, R, Milligan, ND, Voelkl, B, Culina, A, Verhelst, BL, Hinde, CA, Sheldon, BC (2017) Individual variation in winter supplementary food consumption and its consequences for reproduction in wild birdsJournal of Avian Biology 47(5): 678-689.

  61. Shizuka, D, Farine, DR (2016) Measuring the robustness of network community structure using assortativityAnimal Behaviour 112: 237-246.

  62. Leu, ST, Farine, DR, Wey, TW, Sih, A, Bull, M (2016) Environment modulates population social structure: experimental evidence from replicated social networks of wild lizards. Animal Behaviour 111:23-31.

  63. 2015

  64. Aplin, LM, Farine, DR, Morand-Ferron, J, Cockburn, A, Thornton, A, Sheldon, BC (2015) Counting conformity: evaluating the units of measurement in frequency-dependent social learning. Animal Behaviour 110:e5-e8. 

  65. Firth, JA, Voelkl, B, Farine, DR, Sheldon, BC (2015) Experimental evidence that social relationships determine individual foraging behaviour. Current Biology 25:1-6.
    News highlights include: Science, IFLScience, Discovery, and BBC.

  66. Farine, DR, Strandburg-Peshkin, A (2015) Estimating uncertainty and reliability of social network data using Bayesian inference. Royal Society Open Science 2: 150367. * both authors contributed equally
    This paper was written as a 24 hour science challenge live online, representing the first truly open scientific publication

  67. Farine, DR, Montiglio, PO, Spiegel, O (2015) From individuals to groups and back: the evolutionary implications of group phenotypic composition. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 30(10): 609-621. * all authors contributed equally

  68. Farine, DR*, Spencer, KA, Boogert, NJ* (2015) Early-Life Stress Triggers Juvenile Zebra Finches to Switch Social Learning Strategies. Current Biology 25(16): 2184-2188. (link) * equal contributors
    See news highlights including IFLScience and Audubon Magazine.

  69. Strandburg-Peshkin, A*, Farine, DR*, Couzin, ID, Crofoot, MC (2015) Shared decision-making drives collective movement in wild baboonsScience 348(6241): 1358-1361. * joint first authors 
    See media highlights altmetric score including a nice article in National Geographic and a video by Untamed Science.

  70. Farine, DR, Whitehead, H (2015) Constructing, conducting, and interpreting animal social network analysis. Journal of Animal Ecology 84(5): 1144-1163.

  71. Farine, DR, Firth, JA, Aplin, LM, Crates, RA, Culina, A, Garroway, CJ, Hinde, CA, Kidd, LR, Milligan, ND, Psorakis, I, Radersma, R, Verhelst, B, Voelkl, B, Sheldon, BC (2015) The role of social and ecological processes in structuring animal populations: a case study from automated tracking of wild birds. Royal Society Open Science 2: 150057.

  72. Aplin, LM, Firth, JA, Farine, DR, Voelkl, B, Crates, RA, Culina, A, Garroway, CJ, Hinde, CA, Kidd, LR, Psorakis, I, Milligan, ND, Radersma, R, Verhelst, B, Sheldon, BC (2015) Consistent individual differences in the social phenotypes of wild great tits (Parus major). Animal Behaviour 108: 117-127.

  73. Psorakis, I, Voelkl, B, Garroway, CJ, Radersma, R, Aplin, LM, Crates, RA, Culina, A, Farine, DR, Firth, JA, Hinde, CA, Kidd, LR, Milligan, ND, Roberts, SJ, Verhelst, B, Sheldon, BC (2015) Inferring Social Structure from Temporal Data. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 69(5): 857-866.

  74. Farine, D.R., Sheldon, B.C. (2015) Selection for territory acquisition is modulated by social network structure in a wild songbirdJournal of Evolutionary Biology 28(3): 547-556.

  75. Farine, DR, Aplin, LM, Sheldon, BC, Hoppitt, W (2015) Interspecific social networks promote information transmission in wild songbirdsProceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20142804.

  76. Aplin, LM, Farine, DR, Morand-Ferron, J, Cockburn, A, Thornton, A, Sheldon, BC (2015) Experimentally induced innovations lead to persistent culture via conformity in wild birdsNature 518: 538-541.
    See media highlights altmetric score and feature on BBC Winterwatch.

  77. Adelman, JS, Moyers, SC, Farine DR, Hawley, DM (2015) Feeder use predicts both acquisition and transmission of a contagious pathogen in a North American songbird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20151429.

  78. Farine, DR (2015) Proximity as a proxy for interactions: issues of scale in social network analysisAnimal Behaviour 104: e1-e5.

  79. 2014

  80. Boogert, NJ*, Farine, DR*, Spencer, KA (2014) Developmental stress predicts social network positionBiology Letters 10(10): 20140561. * joint first authors

  81. Godfrey, SS, Anasri, TH, Gardner, MG, Farine, DR, Bull, CM (2014) A contact based social network of lizards is defined by low genetic relatedness among strongly-connected individualsAnimal Behaviour 97: 35-43.

  82. Farine, DR, Aplin, LM, Garroway, CJ, Mann, RP, Sheldon, BC (2014) Collective decision-making and social interaction rules in mixed-species flocks of songbirdsAnimal Behaviour 95: 173-182.

  83. Aplin, LM*, Farine, DR*, Mann, RP, Sheldon, BC (2014) Individual-level personality influences social foraging and collective behaviour in wild birdsProceedings of the Royals Society B 218 (1789): 20141016. * joint first authors

  84. Farine, DR, Downing, CP, Downing, PA (2014) Mixed-species associations can arise without heterospecific attractionBehavioural Ecology 25(3): 574-581.

  85. Farine, DR (2014) Measuring phenotypic assortment in animal social networks: weighted associations are more robust than binary edgesAnimal Behaviour 89: 141-153.

  86. 2013

  87. Farine, DR & Milburn, PJ (2013) Social organisation of thornbill-dominated mixed-species flocks using social network analysisBehavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 67(2): 321-330.

  88. Farine, DR, Lang, SD (2013) The early bird gets the worm: foraging strategies of wild songbirds lead to the early discovery of food sourcesBiology Letters 9(6): 20130578.
    Media links: (see AltMetricScientific American BBC News CBS News The Times Daily Mail Science Daily Orange (FR).

  89. Aplin, LM, Farine, DR, Morand-Ferron, J, Cole, EF, Cockburn, A, Sheldon, BC (2013) Individual personalities predict social behaviour in wild networks of great tits (Parus major)Ecology Letters 16(11): 1365–1372.

    See highlights of media coverage on AltMetric and recommendation by F1000 (featured in Top 10 & Hidden Jewels).

  90. Farine, DR (2013) Animal Social Network Inference and Permutations for Ecologists in R using asnipeMethods in Ecology and Evolution 4(12): 1187–1194.

  91. 2012

  92. Farine, DR, Garroway, CJ, Sheldon, BC (2012) Social Network Analysis of mixed-species flocks: exploring the structure and evolution of interspecific social behaviourAnimal Behaviour 84: 1271-1277.

  93. Herr, A, O’Connell, D, Farine, DR, Dunlop, M, Crimp, S, Poole, M (2012) Watching grass grow in Australia: is there sufficient production potential for a biofuel industry? Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 6(3): 257-268.

  94. Aplin, LM, Farine, DR, Morand-Ferron, J, Sheldon, BC (2012) Social networks predict patch discovery in a wild population of songbirdsProceedings of the Royal Society B 279(1745): 4199-4205.

    Media links: Australian Geographic

  95. 2011

  96. Farine, DR, O’Connell, DA, Raison, RJ, plus 12 co-authors (2011) An assessment of biomass for bioelectricity and biofuel, and for greenhouse gas emission reduction in AustraliaGlobal Change Biology Bioenergy 4(2): 148-175.

  97. Rodriguez, LC, May, B, Herr, A, Farine, DR, O’Connell, D (2011) Biofuel excision and the viability of ethanol production in the Green Triangle, Australia.  Energy Policy 39(4): 1951-1957.

  98. 2010

  99. Farine, DR, O’Connell, DA, Grant, T, Poole, ML (2010) Opportunities for energy efficiency and biofuel production in Australian wheat farming systems.  Biofuels 1(4): 547-561.