Nora Carlson


I am a behavioural ecologist who is interested in how different species use acoustic communication during social or collective behaviours. Many animals are incredibly vocal and may rely heavily on acoustic communication to coordinate group behaviours such as mobbing (harassing a predator to drive it from the area) and moving through their environment. My postdoctoral research is focused on how birds use vocal and visual information to coordinate group movement and maintain flock cohesion in a variety of environments. For this project I will be collaborating with other group members to employ a 3D acoustic tracking system to allow us to track both movements and vocal behaviour of all individuals in a flock as they travel through a semi-natural environment. During my PhD at the University of St Andrews, my research has focused on mobbing behaivour in tit species, how different tit species include information about a predator’s level of threat in their mobbing calls, and how this information is used by the wider avian community. More recently, during a postdoc through the university of Porto, Portugal, I conducted experiments to examine some of the underlying drivers for cooperative behaviour in sociable weavers, a small communal breeding passerine found in Southern Africa. More information can be found at my website: